Read PDF Focus On Composing Photos: Focus on the Fundamentals

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A blurred background can create a nice soft contrast to the sharp subject. However, in landscape photography, creating depth is important to give a sense of scale. Use foreground elements to create a wider depth of field and capture the drama of a landscape. Inside the frame of your sensors, there are many things you can use to frame your subject. Nature is full of frames; mountains and trees are particularly great at framing objects. However there are plenty of instances you can find, and this links back to the idea of symmetry. If your subject is very small, it can sometimes get lost in the background noise.

Quick Tips for Taking Better Portraits

By cropping your photo to focus just on the small subject, you can make it stand out far more than it previously did. It can draw the attention straight to the focus point. With modern memory cards you can take as many photos as you like without any additional cost. Your email address will not be published. What is Composition in Photography?

Elements in the Frame The concept of composition relates to how the elements in your frame combine to create a particular effect or feeling. Camera Settings There are many factors surrounding your camera that can alter the composition of a photograph. Below are some of our top tips: 1.

The Rule of Thirds This is one of the rules you may have heard of already. Look for Symmetry People are naturally drawn to patterns and symmetry.


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Change Your View Although capturing your subject head on from eye-level can definitely produce good results. Depth of Field Some shots, like portraits, can benefit from a shallow depth of field.

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9 Top Photography Composition Rules You Need To Know

Find your Frame Inside the frame of your sensors, there are many things you can use to frame your subject. Try Cropping If your subject is very small, it can sometimes get lost in the background noise. Photography Basics 7: Photography Composition. Of course, there are times when this rule can be ignored but for the most part, pay attention to it.

This photo would be even better if the cat's ear wasn't cut off. The most basic of all photography rules, the rule of thirds , is all about dividing your shot into nine equal sections by a set of vertical and horizontal lines. With the imaginary frame in place, you should place the most important element s in your shot on one of the lines or where the lines meet. It's a technique that works well for landscapes as you can position the horizon on one of the horizontal lines that sit in the lower and upper part of the photograph while you're vertical subjects trees etc.

Frames have various uses when it comes to composition. They can isolate your subject, drawing the eye directly to it, they can hide unwanted items behind it, give an image depth and help create context. Your frame can be man-made bridges, arches and fences , natural tree branches, tree trunks or even human arms clasped around a face. Our eyes are unconsciously drawn along lines in images so by thinking about how, where and why you place lines in your images will change the way your audience view it.

A road, for example, starting at one end of the shot and winding its way to the far end will pull the eye through the scene. You can position various focal points along your line or just have one main area focus at the end of your line that the eye will settle on. Shapes can be used in a similar way, for example, imagine a triangle and position three points of focus at the end of each point where the lines of the shape meet. By doing so you create balance in your shot as well as subtly guiding the eye.

Photography Finding Your Focus | The Daily Post

Having too much going on in your frame can mean the person who's looking at it just keeps searching for a point of focus and soon gets bored of looking when they can't find one. This doesn't mean you can't have secondary points of focus, it just means you should make every effort to make sure they don't steal all the limelight. Take a look at our tutorial on using points of interest in photography for more information on this. If you're working on portraits make sure there are no unwanted items sticking out of your subject's head and unless it adds to the shot, throw the background out of focus.

To do this, select a wider aperture if working with a DSLR or select the Portrait Mode on a compact camera to tell it you want to work with a wider aperture. If you're working with plants and flowers try creating your own backgrounds out of card and material which can be slipped into your bag alongside your camera gear. Shots, where there's symmetry in them such as lamp posts lining either side of a street, a long line of trees or a series of arches, can also be used to guide the eye to a single point.

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Before photographing your subject, take time to think about where you will shoot it from. Our viewpoint has a massive impact on the composition of our photo, and as a result it can greatly affect the message that the shot conveys. Rather than just shooting from eye level, consider photographing from high above, down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away, from very close up, and so on.

The unusual viewpoint chosen here creates an intriguing and slightly abstract photo. Image by ronsho. How many times have you taken what you thought would be a great shot, only to find that the final image lacks impact because the subject blends into a busy background? The human eye is excellent at distinguishing between different elements in a scene, whereas a camera has a tendency to flatten the foreground and background, and this can often ruin an otherwise great photo.

Thankfully this problem is usually easy to overcome at the time of shooting - look around for a plain and unobtrusive background and compose your shot so that it doesn't distract or detract from the subject.


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  4. The plain background in this composition ensures nothing distracts from the subject. Image by Philipp Naderer.


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    5. Because photography is a two-dimensional medium, we have to choose our composition carefully to conveys the sense of depth that was present in the actual scene. You can create depth in a photo by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful composition technique is overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. The human eye naturally recognises these layers and mentally separates them out, creating an image with more depth.

      Emphasise your scene's depth by including interesting subjects at varying distances from the camera. Image by Jule Berlin. The world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways and holes.

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      By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the main subject from the outside world. The result is a more focused image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest. Here, the surrounding hills form a natural frame, and the piece of wood provides a focal point. Image by Sally Crossthwaite.